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British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2231-0614,Vol.: 1, Issue.: 1 (January-March)


Risk Factors of Viral Hepatitis B among Egyptian Blood Donors

H. I. Awadalla1, M. H. Ragab1, M. A. Osman2 and N. A. Nassar3

1Medical Science Department, Institute of Environmental Studies and Research, Ain Shams University, Egypt.

2Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Egypt.

3Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Abbassia, Cairo, 11566, Egypt.


 Background: Surveillance of infectious disease markers in the blood donor population is important in recognizing trends in prevalence and incidence of transfusion related infections in asymptomatic volunteer blood donors.
Subjects & Methods: It is a community base cross sectional study. Subjects of study are volunteers to donate blood. Samples were collected from blood donors and questionnaire was designed to collect the risk factors data. The prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) among 1,000 apparently healthy blood donors was determined.
Objective: To estimate the prevalence of virus B hepatic infection and to illustrate the various socio-economic, demographic and medical factors related to infection with HBV among apparently healthy individuals.
Results: The prevalence rate of HBV was 5%.
Conclusion: This study provides comprehensive and reliable information on the possible risk factors affecting spread of Hepatitis B.

Keywords :

HBV, risk factors, blood donors;

Full Article - PDF    Page 7-13

DOI : 10.9734/BJMMR/2011/127

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