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Asian Journal of Agricultural and Horticultural Research, 2581-4478,Vol.: 3, Issue.: 1

Original-research-article

Effect of Aqueous Extract of Moringa Leaves on Postharvest Shelf Life and Quality of Tomato Fruits Inoculated with Fungal Pathogens in Makurdi

 

Liamngee Kator1*, Onah Daniel Oche2, Zakki Yula Hosea1 and Terna David Agatsa1

1Department of Biological Sciences, Benue State University, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria.

2Department of Medical Laboratory Science, School of Health Technology, Agasha, Benue State, Nigeria.

Article Information

Editor(s):

(1) Dr. Yash Gupte, Department of Life Science, Ramnarain Ruia College, Matunga, India.

(2) Dr. Paola A. Deligios, Department of Agriculture, University of Sassari, Italy.

(3) Dr. Ahmed Medhat Mohamed Al-Naggar, Professor of Plant Breeding, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Egypt.

Reviewers:

(1) Benjawan Chutichudet, Mahasarakham University, Thailand.

(2) Asma Hanif, University of Karachi, Pakistan.

(3) Takeshi Nagai, Graduate School of Yamagata University, Japan.

Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/28164

Abstracts

The effect of aqueous extract of Moringa leaves on postharvest shelf life and quality of tomato fruits inoculated with fungal pathogens in Makurdi was determined. Fresh leaves of Moringa were collected, washed, surfaced sterilized, air dried at room temperature and grounded to powder. Tomato fruits of the Roma variety were collected at breaker stage; surface sterilized, rinsed in several changes of sterile distilled water and dipped in conidia suspensions of Aspergillus flavus, Penicillium waksmanii, Botryodiplodia theobromae, Fusarium oxysporum and Colletotrichum asianum respectively. After 24 hours, the fruits were dipped in Moringa leaf extract concentrations of 80 g/ml and 100 g/ml respectively and stored at room temperature in completely randomized design. Data collected were analyzed using Analysis of Variance and the Fishers least significant difference was used to separate means at 5% level of significance. The results revealed an increase in marketability, postharvest decay in control fruits and shelf life respectively from 1.00 to 8.40, 0.00 to 5.67 and 1.00 to 25.00 while weight decreased from 44.3 to 20.27 across all treatment concentrations. Treated tomato fruits showed significantly lower postharvest decay (0.00 – 1.02) compared to the control. Aqueous extracts of Moringa leaves possess antifungal potential and can increase the shelf life and maintain the quality of tomato fruits during storage.

Keywords :

Pathogens; leaf extract; Moringa; quality; shelf life; tomato fruits.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-13

DOI : 10.9734/AJAHR/2019/45766

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