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Journal of Agriculture and Ecology Research International, 2394-1073,Vol.: 17, Issue.: 1

Original-research-article

Morphological Characterization of Certain Ornamental Cacti Genera Suitable for Tropical Climatic Regimes

 

R. Perumal1*, M. Prabhu1, M. Kannan1 and S. Srinivasan2

1Department of Floriculture and Landscaping, HC & RI, TNAU, Coimbatore, India.

2Department of Crop Physiology, AC & RI, TNAU, Coimbatore, India.

Article Information

Editor(s):

(1) Dr. Nhamo Nhamo, Associate Professor, Marondera University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Marondera, Zimbabwe.

(2) Dr. Daniele De Wrachien, Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, State University of Milan, Italy.

Reviewers:

(1) Suelen Alves Vianna, Instituto Agronômico de Campinas, Brazil.

(2) Luana Cassandra Breitenbach Barroso Coelho, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil.

(3) Saroj Parajuli, University of Florida, USA.

(4) Martín Esqueda, Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo A. C., México.

(5) Raúl Leonel Grijalva Contreras, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales Agrícolas y Pecuarias, Mexico.

Complete Peer review History: http://www.sdiarticle3.com/review-history/43781

Abstracts

Cacti are ornamental, perennial, succulent and slow growing plants, especially known for their drought tolerant characters (xerophyte). The wide range of forms, shapes, and sizes of their stems and flowers and certain specific characters viz., areoles, spines, glochids etc. make this group of plants unique in the indoor as well as in outdoor gardens, parks and landscapes. An experiment on assessing cacti belonging to different genera for their morphological traits was conducted at the Department of Floriculture and Landscaping, Horticultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore during 2017-2018. In the experiment for the morphological characterization of certain ornamental cacti genera viz., Hylocereus triangularis, Myrtillocactus geometrizans, Mammillaria beneckei, Hamatocactus setispinus, Ferocactus latispinus, Melocactus caesius and Gymnocalycium mihanovichii, various morphological parameters viz., growth form, characteristic features of ribs, areoles and spines, stem colour, plant height, plant girth, number of areoles have been evaluated for their suitability to be used in tropical landscaping. The morphological characterization of the above said cacti has revealed that Hylocereus triangularis and Myrtillocactus geometrizans can be used as potential rootstocks whereas Mammillaria beneckei, Hamatocactus setispinus, Ferocactus latispinus, and Gymnocalycium mihanovichii can be used as suitable scions in grafting programme.

Keywords :

Cacti; areoles; spines; ribs; tubercles; tropical regimes.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-6

DOI : 10.9734/JAERI/2018/43781

Review History    Comments

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